Technology, Culture, and the Analytic Class

Technology is often used to describe a number of processes, practices, and systems used in the creation of products or services, including scientific research, medical practices, information management systems, and even in the achievement of specific goals, for example the development of new knowledge. It is very important to distinguish between technology and society. For example, the medical practice does not use technology in its practice; the creation of new drugs is a process by which new technology is applied, rather than being a means of creating a particular product Xfinity store near me. Similarly, in order to achieve research goals, technologies must be developed. As society develops new processes for the distribution of energy, communications, financial systems, etc., we are experiencing technology at work.

The term technology was first used by the scholars Jean Bodin and Deleaille Montesq in their book Le Computer de la Terre (1947), based on the idea that technological developments lead to changes in social structures. According to them, technology is an abstract concept, independent of practical aims and ends. However, they also saw technology as having a concrete reality, and as having historical roots that support the idea that technology is changing the character of human life. The two philosophers thus argued that although technology might give humans unidirectional access to great power, it would necessarily affect the nature of human society, political economy, and even culture.

In the research Schatzberg applied the term technology to describe the phenomena of change in scientific knowledge over the past century and a half. Specifically, he looked at three areas where there has been a great deal of change: the physical sciences (physics, chemistry, biology), and the social sciences (social psychology, sociology, psychology, technology). These, he felt, represented distinct areas of human life, whose progress is affected by technology. Specifically, he looked at science, technology, and social science, with the third area, art, coming in at the end. The analysis of changeover the past century and half proves that while technology has had an effect on science, technology itself has been the product of socio-political interactions between humans.

The major theme running throughout the study of Schatzberg’s book, however, is his identification of technology as an “analytical category”. As technology becomes more integrated into our everyday lives, it becomes part and parcel of our life. This, according to schatzberg, renders technology as a single descriptive category, independent of all other categories. This, he argues, gives technology a powerful analytical position in contemporary cultural studies.

Rather than viewing technology as an analytical category, however, Schatzberg suggests that we look to culture for a possible explanation of its phenomena. According to him, culture has a far deeper understanding of technology, as it constitutes the totality of human life. According to him, it is technology that determines the relations that human beings have with each other, the nature of their relationship to objects and places, and the forms of social existence they establish. In his view, therefore, technology is ultimately nothing but the residue of culture. Technology, according to him, only emerges as a cultural phenomenon and not as a pure independent entity, which would make it difficult to analyze.

For those readers who do not share this broad view of technology, some comments may make matters clearer. According to one critical thinker, the analysis of technology by J.M. Bach, although important, is incomplete because technology is not primarily determined by technological systems, and technology is not necessarily the object of human activity. As such, Bach maintains that Bach’s term technology is best understood as a concept that limits technological analysis to the history of scientific civilization and leaves intact the centrality of cultural experience.

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